1984 Essays Big Brother

Deconstruction hits readers on a personal level and challenges their thinking by forcing them to consider that perhaps there is no singular, absolute truth and the world may be much more complex than they originally thought.In fact, the man behind the theory, Jacques Derrida, described Deconstruction as wanting to “erase the boundaries between binary oppositions — and to do so in such a way that the hierarchy implied by the opposition is thrown into question” (“Definition of Deconstruction”).Aspects of the novel’s plot, language, and characters will be analyzed from these two perspectives.

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Big Brother is no longer simply a set of shadowy, avuncular, half-smiling eyes on living-room posters and street-side billboards; he now reserves a virtual space at all our family gatherings, and tells us what to do and buy long before we had the inclination to do or buy anything. He got a lot of bad press over the decades — but that was before we found out he was already one of us.

While times have changed, the things that worried George Orwell haven’t changed at all.

Edgar Hoover and Christopher Hitchens alike — and the novel has not lost any of its power today.

Many things have changed since Orwell wrote this terrifying, beautifully written and, yes, extremely funny book.

Two of the primary theoretical schools of thought are that of Marxism and the Postmodernist’s Deconstructionism.

These theories can be applied to works of literature in order to better understand the characters and plot of the story, but also to better understand the author’s mindset and thus the world in which the author was writing.Even more confusing, “1984’s” message has often been appropriated by the very types of organizations that Orwell despised, thus becoming, as Lynskey writes, “a book that almost any political faction could claim.” It has been held up as a warning about the perils of imperialism, capitalism, socialism and fascism; it has been lauded by both the John Birch Society — who used the numbers 1-9-8-4 as the last four digits of its phone number — and the Black Panthers, who taught Orwell in their Oakland Community School.And it has gone on to live a life far beyond its title in Terry Gilliam’s comic nightmare 1985 film “Brazil” — “I hadn’t read 1984,” Gilliam said, “but we all know what it is” — and as a successful product-branding Ridley Scott television commercial for Apple in 1983, wherein a woman in a tank-top saves the world from conformity with a hammer.While Marxism applies to the overall political concept, Deconstruction lends to the reader’s understanding of what it is like to live in the world of the story.Thus, one comes to understand that both theories contribute to the novel but a careful analysis will demonstrate that Deconstruction provides more insight into how the novel relates directly to the lives of readers.arxism associates itself with class differences, economic and otherwise, and ultimately “attempts to reveal the ways in which our socioeconomic system is the ultimate source of our experience” (Purdue OWL).The word “1984” has even entered our own contemporary version of “Newspeak” as a shorthand term that simply means — “bad future.” And who can disagree with the idea that we should all avoid living in it?Orwell’s “1984” has been applauded by everyone from Noam Chomsky to Lee Harvey Oswald — and regarded suspiciously by Stalinists and J.In order to be truly applying Marxism, a reader or critic must ask himself a few questions such as determining the currency or most valuable aspect of the story’s society, as well as explicating the social structure of the world of the novel and thus illuminating the political agenda that the author is trying to put forth.econstruction is a branch of the Postmodern movement and is typically defined by the phrase “the center cannot hold” (Purdue OWL).Contrary to the political and economic agenda of Marxist criticism, Deconstruction works on a more philosophical level.That is to say, the political ideologies of a literary work are directly related to the world in which the author was writing or the message that the readers are intended to learn through the piece.Previous scholarship on Marxism has demonstrated how “literature reflects those social institutions out of which it emerges” and often relates to the “author’s own class or analysis of class relations, however piercing or shallow that analysis may be” (Delahoyde).


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