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Frazer considered religion as a belief in “Powers superior to man which are believed to direct and control the course of nature and of human life”.
While it is possible to define religion as belief in God or some super-natural powers, it is well to remember that there can also be a Godless religion as Buddhism.
In sociology, the word religion is used in a wider sense than that used in religious books.
When a Hindu worships a cow, he worships it not because of the kind of animal the cow is, but because of a host of super-empirical characteristics which this animal is imagined to represent. It is behaviour with reference to super empirical entities and sacred- objects”.
It includes any kind of behavior (such as the wearing of special clothing and the immersion in certain rivers, in the Ganga for instance), prayers, hymns, creedal recitations, and other forms of reverence, usually performed with other people and in public.
It can include singing, dancing, weeping, crawling, starving, feasting, etc. Each religion defines certain acts as sinful and profane (unholy).
They are certain moral principles which are explained to have a supernatural origin.
They simply consider them as forces in their universe.
Thus, belief in the non-sensory, super-empirical world is the first element of religion.
Some call these supernatural forces God, other call them Gods.
There are even others who do not call them by any name.