Soon after his return to Nashville he was elected a judge of the superior court (in effect, the supreme court) of the state and served in that post until 1804.In 1802 Jackson had also been elected major general of the Tennessee militia, a position he still held when the War of 1812 opened the door to a command in the field and a hero’s role.1812, when it appeared that war with Great Britain was imminent, Jackson issued a call for 50,000 volunteers to be ready for an invasion of Canada.After the declaration of war, in June 1812, Jackson offered his services and those of his militia to the United States.
Andrew Jackson was the first to be elected president by appealing to the mass of voters rather than the party elite.
He established the principle that states may not disregard federal law.
A series of small skirmishes between detachments of the two armies culminated in the Battle of New Orleans on January 8, 1815, in which Jackson’s forces inflicted a decisive defeat upon the British army and forced it to withdraw.
The news of this victory reached Washington at a time when morale was at a low point.
Jackson’s justification for this bold move was that Spain and Great Britain were allies in the wars in Europe.
At Mobile, Jackson learned that an army of British regulars had landed at Pensacola.
After the close of the war, Jackson was named commander of the southern district.
He entrusted the command of the troops in the field to subordinates while he retired to his home at the Hermitage, near Nashville.
He had gone to Nashville as a political appointee, and in 1796 he became a member of the convention that drafted a constitution for the new state of Tennessee. An undistinguished legislator, he refused to seek reelection and served only until March 4, 1797. His willingness to accept the office reflects his emergence as an acknowledged leader of one of the two political factions contending for control of the state.
In the same year he was elected as the first representative from Tennessee to the U. Jackson returned to Tennessee, vowing never to enter public life again, but before the end of the year he was elected to the U. Nevertheless, Jackson resigned from the Senate in 1798 after an uneventful year.