Chemistry In Medicines Essay

The advanced techniques of nanotechnology can help storage of energy, its conversion into other forms, ecofriendly manufacturing of materials and by better enhanced renewable energy sources.Nanotechnology can be used for less expensive energy production and for renewal energies, in solar technology, nano-catalysis, fuel cells and hydrogen technology.

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The development in the field of nanotechnology started in 1958 and the various stages of development have been summarized in Table 1.

First policy conference on advanced nanotech was held.

Nano medicine is a relatively new field of science and technology.

Brief explanation of various types of pharmaceutical nano systems is given.

Anna Pratima Nikalje Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry Y. Visit for more related articles at Medicinal Chemistry Nanotechnologyis the study of extremely small structures, having size of 0.1 to 100 nm.

Rafiq Zakaria Campus, Rauza Bagh Aurangabad- 431001, Maharashtra, India Tel: 91 9823619992 E-mail: [email protected] Received date: February 16, 2015; Accepted date: March 10, 2015; Published date: March 12, 2015 Citation: Nikalje AP (2015) Nanotechnology and its Applications in Medicine. doi:10.4172/2161-0444.1000247 Copyright: © 2015 Nikalje AP. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.Applications of nano particles in drug delivery, protein and peptide delivery, cancer are explained.Applications of various nano systems in cancer therapy such as carbon nano tube, dendrimers, nano crystal, nano wire, nano shells etc. The advancement in nano technology helps in the treatment of neuro degenerative disorders such as Parkinson’s disease and Alzheimer’s disease.Nanotechnology deals with materials in the size of 0.1 to 100 nm; however it is also inherent that these materials should display different properties such as electrical conductance chemical reactivity, magnetism, optical effects and physical strength, from bulk materials as a result of their small size.Nanotechnology works on matter at dimensions in the nanometer scale length (1-100 nm), and thus can be used for a broad range of applications and the creation of various types of nano materials and nano devices.Metallic nano particles: Metallic nano particles have used in drug delivery, especially in treatment of cancer and also in biosensors.Amongst various metals, silver and gold nano particles are of prime importance for biomedical use (Figure 3).Classification of nano materials based on their dimensions is given.An application of Nanotechnology in various fields such as health and medicine, electronics, energy and environment, is discussed in detail.The brief explanation of pharmaceutical nano system is as follows: As shown in the schematic diagram (Figure 2), pharmaceutical nanotechnology is divided in two basic types of nano tools viz. These materials can be sub classified into nano crystalline and nano structured materials.Nano structure consists of nano particles, dendrimers, micelles, drug conjugates, metallic nano particles etc.

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