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Skepticism keeps you on the lookout for bad arguments, and rationality helps you figure out exactly arguments when you see them, and then to move beyond them and understand their further implications.It’s not enough to just be skeptical and knock the holes in every argument that you hear.
Obviously those two modes of thought are in some tension.
But if you are able to exercise only one of these modes, whichever one it is, you’re in deep trouble.” (Carl Sagan, In this quote, Carl Sagan offers a sensitive analysis of a tension within the idea of critical thinking.
So critical thinking absolutely depends on traditions.
There’s no question that critical thinking means something Until Einstein, no physicist was ever more influential than Isaac Newton.
In one episode of , Cartman becomes obsessed with conspiracy theories and sings a song about needing to think for himself and find out the truth.
The show is poking fun at conspiracy theorists, who often think that they are exercising critical thinking when in fact they are simply exercising too much skepticism towards common sense and popular beliefs, and not enough skepticism towards new, unnecessarily complicated explanations.
Through curiosity and probable skepticism, he not only worked out the basic rules for matter and energy in the universe — he also realized that the force causing objects to fall was the same as the force causing celestial objects to orbit around each other (thus discovering the modern theory of gravity).
He was also known for having a big ego and being a little arrogant with those he considered beneath his intellect — but even Newton had enough humility to recognize that he wasn’t doing it alone.
It’s a combination of several skills and habits such as: Curious people are never content with their current understanding of the world, but are driven to raise questions and pursue the answers.
Curiosity is endless — the better you understand a given topic, the more you realize how much more there is to learn!