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These questions can be applied to every kind of media you might use in instruction.
(If I’m wrong there, please let me know.) So here are my questions for you to consider: ► Why is critical thinking important to you?
► What happens if we don’t teach critical thinking?
Practicing Higher Order Thinking (HOT) skills outside of school will give kids and teens the tools that they need to understand, infer, connect, categorize, synthesize, evaluate, and apply the information they know to find solutions to new and existing problems.
Consider the following example to distinguish between memorization of facts and actually engaging in thoughtful ideas: After reading a book about Martin Luther King or studying the Civil Rights era, you could choose to ask a child a simple question such as Who is Martin Luther King, Jr.? When answering this question, the child can simply provide facts that s/he has memorized.
And isn’t that exactly what many users of social media do today, students included?
They see something and instantly repost or share in social media without any critical thought or investigation?For me it first started when I heard Elizabeth Thoman, the founder of the Center for Media Literacy, say: “Media literacy is not just about asking questions, it’s about asking the RIGHT questions.” If you haven’t been that involved in teaching or thinking about media literacy, you may be reading Thoman’s key questions for the first time.I think you’ll probably agree that these are the fundamentals your students consider when they encounter media messages.► In what ways are you teaching “critical thinking skills” in your classroom?► In what ways are you assessing the critical thinking skills your students are learning?They also seem to be in agreement that the teaching of “critical thinking skills” is lacking in most instruction. ) The rise in fake news – fed by those who fall for it and repost such misinformation in social media – has called attention to the lack of critical thinking by many of today’s readers, including our students.The Foundation for Critical Thinking offers this definition: “Critical thinking is the art of analyzing and evaluating thinking with a view to improving it.” According to FCT, a skillful critical thinker “raises vital questions and problems, formulating them clearly and precisely.” (Source) As a media educator, I engage in critical thinking and questioning every day.The Center for Media Literacy offers a downloadable “Media Lit Kit” that elaborates on each of Thoman’s questions as well as five parallel media literacy core concepts.The kit includes an infographic that makes a nice handout or poster for your classroom.Why Use This Tip What To Do A main goal of educators today is to teach students the skills they need to be critical thinkers.Instead of simply memorizing facts and ideas, children need to engage in higher levels of thinking to reach their fullest potential.