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As a result, they can easily miss the signs that might lead them to recommend a professional medical diagnosis.Even internists and physicians at hospitals often miss the underlying medical causes of mental and emotional issues.
This makes failure to recognize and diagnose an underlying condition in a patient a reasonably common occurrence. These may include unwanted moods, uncomfortable thoughts, personal problems, relationship problems, and/or family strife.
“The reliance on patient self-report of symptom severity, and on the clinicians' impression, is a rate-limiting step in effective treatment.” Helen Le-Niculescu, Ph. Outpatient psychotherapy, couples therapy, and family therapy are some of the many techniques designed to address these woes.
In addition, psychological reactions to known medical problems can complicate medical management and treatment.
Whenever a patient presents a psychological problem, there is a very real possibility that an underlying medical condition may be a factor – either as an outcome of the psychological condition or as the original cause.
Up until a century ago, mental illnesses were diagnosed and treated by medical doctors.
It wasn’t until about 1948 when the specialty of neuropsychiatry was divided into two fields: neurology (which dealt with physical diseases of the brain) and psychiatry (which focused on emotional and behavioral problems).Soon afterward, psychotherapy delivered by non-medical professionals began to be considered a valid way to treat mental disorders.Medical illnesses can cause people to experience a baffling array of emotional, cognitive, and behavioral problems.The most wildly held belief of mental maladies today is that they are a manifestation of unruly neurotransmitters.For the last several decades, the field of mental health has been dominated by two major paradigms: psychotherapy and psychotropics.Although not every mental health problem is masking a primary medical condition, one thing is certain – when there is an underlying medical component, psychotherapists who do not consider the possibility are certain to miss the diagnosis. This often leads to family squabbles, which frequently morph into arguments between the parents.“Many mental hospitals are living museums of undiscovered bodily disease.” FMR Walshe, MD “The more that is understood about how the human mind processes complex information, the more it becomes clear that certain situations are particularly susceptible to less than optimal outcomes because of these errors.” Antoinette Laskey, M. As the therapist works with the family, it becomes clear that the fights are exacerbated by the husband's angry outbursts and bouts of rage.When the patient's symptoms do not correspond precisely to the reference books or to similar cases they have personally encountered in the past, a physician may make a misdiagnosis as easily as a psychotherapist might.The challenge of finding potential underlying medical causes is complex. Biological Psychology For most psychotherapists, a good proportion of clients come for help in coping with the problems of life.While psychotherapists should not live in fear of missing an unsuspected medical origin, it is important to have adequate knowledge of the medical issues that could potentially relate to their patients' conditions.This course will provide an overview and source of reference to help make a basic assessment to determine whether medical consultation might add insight to a case.