Critical Thinking Theories

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In this wheel the eight elements of thought, which are present in all thinking, are placed as in Figure 2. He favors, for example, the idea of teachers posing students fewer, yet higher-quality questions with more than one viable answer.

The idea is that a thinker can move back and forth between the elements The Critical Thinking Community. Our Concept of Critical Thinking (Side Bar), Foundation for Critical Thinking. though Bloom’s taxonomy and Paul’s model appear to represent different approaches to thinking, they have some features in common as both include cognitive and affective aspects. The aim would be to solicit higher-level thinking in forms of students applying, reacting to, or reflecting on the content, or the topic of the lesson.

On the other hand, Paul’s model illustrates the process of thinking behavior. A Guide for Remodelling Lesson Plans in Language Arts, Social Studies & Science. In addition to the frameworks, there are some tools to do this, though.

Bloom’s taxonomy can be portrayed as a hierarchical system whereas Paul’s model can be depicted as a wheel. In his book Chuska claims that well-designed questions will initiate higher-level thinking.

In order for an objective to be a CT objective, all of the elements above should be included in a concise description of an instructional objective for a specific lesson.

The following example of an instructional objective relates to a lesson topic of work motivation and constitutes only a part of the 90-minute lesson.the criteria against which the success of the task will be assessed.All of the elements above should be embodied in a concise description of an instructional objective for a specific lesson.Critical thinking includes higher-order cognitive operations, such as interpretation, analysis, evaluation, inference, explanation and self-regulation.The authors of this book examine the theories, methods and challenges of critical thinking and its applications in the real world.These two frameworks seem to take two differing approaches to thinking. Bloom’s taxonomy and Paul’s elements of thought might suggest the frameworks being rather theoretical.Bloom’s taxonomy is about classifying the level of thinking behavior, for example thinking can be classified as being about remembering facts or about applying these facts into practice. The challenge here is to translate these somewhat academic thoughts into instructional practice.Albeit important, the cognitive objective is set aside for now and the focus is on the affective objective.Employing the ABCD model, an instructional objective could be formulated in the following way: .If one needs to make a decision, it is the critical thinking aspect that is most helpful in making the right decision.Nowadays, much more important than to know how to find information is the ability to meaningfully process it.


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