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In the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), which is a mental health guidebook for doctors published by the American Psychiatric Association, to diagnose a person with major depressive disorder, the person must show five or more of the symptoms (listed above) for at least two weeks.The person must also exhibit a depressed mood, or loss of interest or pleasure.
– There are many negative life events and major stressors associated with the onset of depression, including job loss, loss of loved one, trauma, problematic relationships, and lack of a sufficient social network.
Depression may persist for a long period time, remaining undiagnosed, as the symptoms a person experiences may not always include easily identifiable as being depression.
The most commonly cited causes for depression can include: There are several chemicals in the brain that are involved in mood regulation including serotonin and dopamine.
When these levels of neurotransmitters are not properly balanced, depression can result.
Overall, women are 70% more likely to suffer from depression during their lives than men.
People aged 18 to 29 are significantly more likely to suffer from depression than individuals over the age of 60.
The effects of depression can range from minor annoyances to death.
With proper interventions, depression can be treated and managed throughout the lifetime.
Depression – notably untreated depression – is a major risk for suicide due to the deep despair and hopelessness depression causes.
Suicide may feel like the only way to escape the pain.