There's deliberately not much detail given here about the process, as this will vary hugely across departments.
Whether you are looking for ways to engage critically with research or planning to undertake your own research, there are a range of resources you can use to help.
One of the main differences is between empirical and non-empirical dissertations.
Empirical dissertations are dissertations which involve collecting data, for example in a psychology degree.
Whilst carrying out empirical research will definitely require a wider working knowledge of research methods (not least so that you can choose the method that’s right for your research), don’t underestimate the methodology that you’d need to apply if you choose the literature review approach.
Whatever type of dissertation you write will involve explaining and justifying the methods you have selected.
However I am still confused if dissertation and thesis are same or not and if they are different things then what is difference between them.
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Broadly speaking there are two main approaches to a dissertation: empirical research or literature review.
The former involves gathering and analysing your own research data through a method of your choice; the latter involves analysing and comparing existing research literature.