Hall () uses phonological evidence to argue for the intrusive status of inserted ‘copy vowels’ that repair sonorant-obstruent codas in Scottish Gaelic—they are invisible to syllable-counting in poetry, for example.
Similar arguments suggest a gestural-timing origin for Dorsey’s Law vowels in Hocank (Winnebago) ( schematize the gestural sequences in an underlying /Cr V/ word that is pronounced as [CVr V].
DOI: Cross-linguistically, underlying consonant clusters, particularly in loanwords, often surface with a vowel sound separating the two consonants.
In its most familiar form, this vowel sound corresponds to an vowel—an additional vocalic segment inserted by phonology to repair a consonant cluster that is prohibited by the language’s phonology.
The inserted high vowel (in italics in ) appears in the bare form of the word, or when the root is followed by a consonant-initial suffix.
It is absent when the consonant cluster is followed by a vowel-initial suffix, such as in the accusative case.Coda-repairing vowels are also subject to vowel harmony.The Turkish vowel inventory contains eight phonemes distinguished by [±high], [±back], and [±round]; all three features are relevant to harmony, which affects most suffix vowels.The inserted vowel in illegal coda clusters forms the nucleus of a syllable and allows the final consonant to be syllabified as a simple coda.Turkish stress placement is generally word-final, and like underlying vowels, inserted vowels in coda clusters receive stress when they occur in the final syllable.But if vowel occurs, then the two final consonants are still part of the same syllable, and in some sense CVCC syllables are permitted.Finally, since intrusive vowels do not form syllable nuclei, they also cannot be targets for stress assignment.Phonologically, intrusive vowels have no corresponding segment, so they cannot participate in phonological processes that target segments, such as vowel harmony and syllabification.Because intrusion does not result in a new vocalic segment, it does not alter syllable structure, and cannot be taken as repair of illegal syllable structures.THE AMERICAN HERITAGE® DICTIONARY OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE, FIFTH EDITION by the Editors of the American Heritage Dictionaries.Copyright © 2016, 2011 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.