Essay On The Russian Revolution

At the same time, because these pretentions also threatened any society organized according to different principles, including those of liberal democracy and free enterprise, they made the Soviet regime the object of intense fear and opposition.This reaction was reinforced as the Soviet Union quickly became a brutal dictatorship and, after World War II, emerged as one of the world’s two nuclear superpowers.

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Matters of evidence and documentation have additionally complicated this subject.

In this case the key date is 1991, as that is when the collapse of the Soviet Union finally made many important Russian archives available to scholars for the first time.

The latter took place in late October and was the seizure of power by a militant Marxist political party determined to rule alone, turn Russia into a communist society, and spark a worldwide revolution.

(These dates are according to the outdated Julian calendar in use in Russia at the time, which trailed the Gregorian calendar used in the West by thirteen days.

Schapiro 1984, likewise, is an interpretive essay, albeit from a liberal perspective critical of the Bolsheviks.

Read 1996 is a revisionist narrative that, while scholarly, comes close to being a textbook.Among revolutionary socialists, they still inspire daydreams of future revolutions.Historians on the political right, by contrast, promote them as warnings of what happens if you try to change the world.For these reasons Western scholarship on the Russian Revolution has had an element of contentiousness not often seen in other fields.That, in turn, is why any serious student of the Russian Revolution must be familiar with its historiography, and why this article not only contains a major section on historiography but also includes historiographic commentary in many of the individual entries.Mark Edele receives funding from the Australian Research Council. A Short History covers some similar ground as this essay, but in greater depth. University of Melbourne provides funding as a founding partner of The Conversation AU.View current jobs from University of Melbourne The Conversation is funded by the National Research Foundation, eight universities, including the Cape Peninsula University of Technology, Rhodes University, Stellenbosch University and the Universities of Cape Town, Johannesburg, Kwa-Zulu Natal, Pretoria, and South Africa.According to the Gregorian calendar, the two revolutions took place in March and November, respectively.) Because the Bolsheviks did not consolidate their power until their victory in a three-year civil war, many histories ostensibly about the “Russian Revolution” include not only the events of 1917 but also their immediate aftermath in early 1918, and then the civil war, which began in mid-1918 and lasted until 1921.That framework has been adopted for this article as well.more This article is part of our series of explainers on key moments in the past 100 years of world political history.In it, our authors examine how and why an event unfolded, its impact at the time, and its relevance to politics today.

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