Essay Questions Gender And Development

Essay Questions Gender And Development-65
Gender thus differs from sex in that it is social and cultural in nature rather than biological.

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Essay Questions Gender And Development

When women are constrained from reaching their full potential, that potential is lost to society as a whole.First, there are differences between the roles of men and women, differences that demand different approaches.Second, there is systemic inequality between men and women.Decision-making with regard to such issues as age at marriage, timing of births, use of contraception, and recourse to harmful practices (such as female genital cutting) stands to be improved with the achievement of gender equality.However it is important to acknowledge that where gender inequality exists, it is generally women who are excluded or disadvantaged in relation to decision-making and access to economic and social resources.UNFPA has adopted the mainstreaming of gender concerns into all population and development activities as the primary means of achieving the commitments on gender equality, equity and empowerment of women stemming from the International Conference on Population and Development.Gender mainstreaming, as a strategy, does not preclude interventions that focus only on women or only on men.Gender equality is intrinsically linked to sustainable development and is vital to the realization of human rights for all.The overall objective of gender equality is a society in which women and men enjoy the same opportunities, rights and obligations in all spheres of life.This requires addressing both the condition, as well as the position, of women and men in society.Gender mainstreaming therefore aims to strengthen the legitimacy of gender equality values by addressing known gender disparities and gaps in such areas as the division of labour between men and women; access to and control over resources; access to services, information and opportunities; and distribution of power and decision-making.

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