" Open here I flung the shutter, when, with many a flirt and flutter, In there stepped a stately Raven of the saintly days of yore; Not the least obeisance made he; not a minute stopped or stayed he; But, with mien of lord or lady, perched above my chamber door— Perched upon a bust of Pallas just above my chamber door— Perched, and sat, and nothing more. By that Heaven that bends above us—by that God we both adore— Tell this soul with sorrow laden if, within the distant Aidenn, It shall clasp a sainted maiden whom the angels name Lenore— Clasp a rare and radiant maiden whom the angels name Lenore." Quoth the Raven "Nevermore." "Be that word our sign of parting, bird or fiend!Tags: Character Reference Letter For ApplicationThe Creative Writing CoursebookTourism Research PapersMa Ville EssayAqa English Literature Gcse Coursework PercentageBattle Of Trafalgar EssayCheap Research Papers For SaleBubonic Plague Essay ConclusionCreative Writing Online CoursesAre We Happy Than Our Forefathers Essay
It tells of a talking raven's mysterious visit to a distraught lover, tracing the man's slow fall into madness.
The lover, often identified as being a student, is lamenting the loss of his love, Lenore.
Critical opinion is divided as to the poem's literary status, but it nevertheless remains one of the most famous poems ever written.
Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered, weak and weary, Over many a quaint and curious volume of forgotten lore— While I nodded, nearly napping, suddenly there came a tapping, As of some one gently rapping, rapping at my chamber door.
Sitting on a bust of Pallas, the raven seems to further distress the protagonist with its constant repetition of the word "Nevermore".
The poem makes use of folk, mythological, religious, and classical references.His questions, then, are purposely self-deprecating and further incite his feelings of loss. Though this is not explicitly stated in the poem, it is mentioned in "The Philosophy of Composition".It is also suggested by the narrator reading books of "lore" as well as by the bust of Pallas Athena, Greek goddess of wisdom.The bird again replies in the negative, suggesting that he can never be free of his memories.The narrator becomes angry, calling the raven a "thing of evil" and a "prophet".And the silken, sad, uncertain rustling of each purple curtain Thrilled me—filled me with fantastic terrors never felt before; So that now, to still the beating of my heart, I stood repeating "'Tis some visiter entreating entrance at my chamber door— Some late visiter entreating entrance at my chamber door;— This it is and nothing more." Presently my soul grew stronger; hesitating then no longer, "Sir," said I, "or Madam, truly your forgiveness I implore; But the fact is I was napping, and so gently you came rapping, And so faintly you came tapping, tapping at my chamber door, That I scarce was sure I heard you"—here I opened wide the door;— Darkness there and nothing more.Deep into that darkness peering, long I stood there wondering, fearing, Doubting, dreaming dreams no mortal ever dared to dream before; But the silence was unbroken, and the stillness gave no token, And the only word there spoken was the whispered word, "Lenore?He thinks for a moment in silence, and his mind wanders back to his lost Lenore.He thinks the air grows denser and feels the presence of angels, and wonders if God is sending him a sign that he is to forget Lenore.The use of the raven—the "devil bird"—also suggests this. A direct allusion to Satan also appears: "Whether Tempter sent, or whether tempest tossed thee here ashore..." Poe chose a raven as the central symbol in the story because he wanted a "non-reasoning" creature capable of speech.He decided on a raven, which he considered "equally capable of speech" as a parrot, because it matched the intended tone of the poem.