Tags: Strategies For Teaching Critical Thinking SkillsAnimation Thesis SChris Mccandless Transcendentalism EssayAnalysis Of Huckleberry Finn EssayScience Topic For Research PaperWriting Academic PapersTelecommunications Business Plan
The World Tourism Organisation forecasts that this figure could rise to 1.6 billion people by 2020 (more than 370 million of these will be long-haul travellers).The importance of this rapid growth in tourism can be seen by the fact that the worldwide contribution of tourism to GDP is estimated at some 5%; spending on international tourism reaching US4 billion (2008).
Tourism is one of the world’s fastest growing industries and is a major source of income for many countries.
Being a people-oriented industry, tourism also provides many jobs which have helped revitalise local economies.
However, like other forms of development, tourism can also cause its share of problems, such as social dislocation, loss of cultural heritage, economic dependence and ecological degradation.
Learning about the impacts of tourism has led many people to seek more responsible holidays.
Tourism’s contribution to employment tends to be slightly higher and is estimated in the order of 6-7% of the overall number of jobs (direct and indirect).
For advanced, diversified economies, the contribution of tourism to the GDP ranges from approximately 2% for countries where tourism is a comparatively small sector, to over 10% for countries where tourism is an important pillar of the economy.The majority of tourists fall into the mass tourism category, the one most often seen as the cause of tourism-related problems.For tourism to contribute to sustainable human development, all tourists need to consider ways of reducing the negative impacts of their holidays.However, this group represents the smallest segment of the tourism market and tends to spend little money in the places they visit.Perhaps, this is why the report quoted above said the ‘elite tourist’ was ‘the ideal’.For small islands and developing countries, or specific regional and local destinations where tourism is a key economic sector, the importance of tourism tends to be even higher.Thus, tourism is a major source of income and employment for many countries, particularly in the South where it can assist in addressing problems caused by poverty.All tourism activities of whatever motivation – holidays, business travel, conferences, adventure travel and ecotourism – need to be sustainable.Sustainable tourism is defined as “tourism that respects both local people and the traveller, cultural heritage and the environment”.Tourism is one of the world’s fastest growing industries.For example, there were around 25.3 million international tourist arrivals in 1960.