Universities are increasingly taking a more proactive role to alert doctoral students of the dangers of plagiarism, but, in my experience, few go further than warning against cheating behaviours.
Much responsibility for overseeing the support and development of appropriate practices continues to default to the supervisor.
Unless the material is "common knowledge," a citation is needed for any material you borrow--whether it is a direction quotation, a paraphrase, or even just an idea. So what might give a clue to a professor that the material you've presented as your own really came from someone else? Always use quotation marks (or block quote formatting) if you use someone else's words. If you can't find the source, drop the material from your paper. Usually the head of your course will provide a list of research paper topics and you will be required to pick one which you are ...
On its own, nothing on this list is a guarantee that material has been plagiarized. If your college, university, or professor is using a Web-based anti-plagiarism service, it's a good idea to know what the program searches for. By: John Edmond Discursive essays As part of your course, you may be asked to write a discursive essay.
And yet how many of us feel well equipped to ensure our students develop and maintain scholarly practices and attitudes that hedge against inadvertent plagiarism?
It takes time to become adroit at avoiding plagiarism, integrating and citing the work of others into one’s own contribution.
If you are intentionally plagiarizing in your paper, thesis, or dissertation, this should give you pause. Academic concerns like this are among the wide array of writing issues we deal with at Edits Made Easy, an online editorial agency offering coaching services, online writing classes, fact-checking, pre-publication services, and resume/career services--in addition to editing and proofreading, of course.
But if you are not intentionally plagiarizing, there could still be reason for concern. Each academic style sheet (e.g., APA, MLA, Chicago, Turabian), has its own conventions for citing sources. Because more and more colleges and universities are making use of Web-based anti-plagiarism programs, our company has decided to include free anti-plagiarism checking on every thesis and dissertation project--When it comes to plagiarism, you just can''t be too careful!
NOTE that this rule applies even to borrowing your own material from papers you've written previously.
If you ignore this rule, then be sure to cite the source of whatever you've borrowed.