Racial Discrimination Research Paper

In particular, this panel was asked to conduct the following tasks: Although there is substantial direct empirical evidence for the prevalence of large disparities among racial and ethnic groups in various domains, it is often difficult to obtain direct evidence of whether and to what extent discrimination may be a contributing factor.Differential outcomes by race and ethnicity may or may not indicate discrimination.Such racial disparities persist despite the many legal and social changes that have improved opportunities for minority racial and ethnic groups in the United States.

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Although researchers in specific disciplines have investigated discrimination in particular domains, there has been little effort to coordinate and expand such research in ways that could help to better understand and measure various kinds of racial and ethnic discrimination across domains and groups and over time.

To address this problem, the Committee on National Statistics convened a panel of scholars in 2001 to consider the definition of racial discrimination, assess current methodologies for measuring it, identify new approaches, and make recommendations about the best broad methodological approaches.

One reason it is difficult to assess discrimination is that changes have occurred in the nature of prejudiced attitudes and discriminatory behaviors.

With the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and other laws that prohibit discrimination because of race in a variety of domains, overt discrimination is less often apparent.

The purpose of this report is not to promote a single “right” way to measure discrimination.

In some situations, one approach may be more easily implemented and more credible; in other situations, another approach may be more appropriate.In addition, concepts of race and ethnicity are not clearly defined for many Hispanics, so for these two reasons our discussion often refers to Hispanics as well as to specific racial groups.Throughout the report, the term is used to refer to groups in the United States (e.g., blacks) whose disadvantage can be linked historically to discriminatory practices and policies and who are, consequently, part of a legally protected class.Contact us if you experience any difficulty logging in.Most people would agree that equal opportunity to participate as a full and functioning member of society is important.Nonetheless, existing social and economic disparities among racial and ethnic groups suggest that our society has yet to achieve this goal.For instance, Hispanics have higher school dropout rates than other racial and ethnic groups (Hauser et al., 2002).However, discrimination may persist in more subtle forms.Indeed, social psychological research suggests that relatively automatic and unexamined cognitive processes, of which the holder (and sometimes the target) may not be fully aware, can lead to discrimination (Devine, 1989; Fiske, 1998).One factor that should be considered is the role of racial discrimination.Overt discrimination against African Americans and other minority groups characterized much of U. history; a question is whether and what types of discrimination continue to exist and their effects on differential outcomes.

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