Research Project Literature Review

Research typically begins with what is known (the literature review) and progresses into analyzing, through the observation and analysis of data, what is yet to be known through further study.Both the literature survey and the original study are considered academic articles, as opposed to popular articles.

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If your results replicate past research, for instance, you can say that your work supports existing theories.

If your results are different, though, you’ll need to discuss why and whether the difference is important.

Conducting a literature review before beginning research also lets you see how similar studies have been conducted in the past.

By examining the strengths and weaknesses of existing research, you can thus make sure you adopt the most appropriate methods, data sources and analytical techniques for your own work.

The review typically involves a search of any previously published or presented materials that might have relevance to a prospective new study.

If the point of a research project is solely to review what has already been written on a topic, the resulting article is termed a "survey of the literature" or a "literature survey" or even a "literature review." In this case, the article is complete in itself and does not delve into anything new regarding the topic.The literature review also plays a big role in justifying your study and setting your research question.This is because examining past research allows you to identify gaps in the literature, which you can then attempt to fill or address with your own work.It can help to think of the literature review as the foundations for your study, since the rest of your work will build upon the ideas and existing research you discuss therein.A crucial part of this is formulating a theoretical framework, which comprises the concepts and theories that your work is based upon and against which its success will be judged.People often treat writing the literature review in an academic paper as a formality.Usually, this means simply listing various studies vaguely related to their work and leaving it at that.A literature survey might end with a discussion of what work is still needed to further develop knowledge of a particular topic, but it does not, itself, flesh out any of those ideas.Articles of this type can be highly beneficial to someone seeking to launch an original study; literature surveys have already laid some of the groundwork for a prospective researcher's own literature review.However, more usually it’s the part of an academic paper, thesis or dissertation that sets out the background against which a study takes place. In a college paper, you can use a literature review to demonstrate your understanding of the subject matter.This means identifying, summarizing and critically assessing past research that is relevant to your own work.


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