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We must also consider the view that the two World Wars should not necessarily be treated as autonomous but perhaps be seen as parts of a single conflict, a "Thirty Years War" of the twentieth century, a conflict that arose from the long-term political and economic rivalries of great powers and Europe's fault lines which led these rivalries to ignite into warfare.It is, indeed, possible to argue that the Cold War period can be seen as at least a sequel to it.Such an interpretation of the dark history of Europe in the twentieth century does, of course, downgrade the importance of ideology and of the "great dictators" and has been attacked on the grounds that the coming to power of Adolf Hitler (1889–1945) was, not only the major cause of World War II, but that his hysterical and paranoid agenda gave that war its own unique and horrific nature.
As Mark Mazower (born 1958) has commented, "imperial powers were rarely forced to retreat as a direct result of military insurrection – Algeria was the exception rather than the rule".
Nevertheless, decolonisation impacted severely upon the political positions of the imperial powers, particularly Britain and France.
It examines the relationship between long term social, economic and cultural developments and the impact of the war and political turning points.
That great events have great effects seems a truism and it would follow that the Second World War, a conflict which caused a colossal loss of life, saw a continent divided as mighty armies strove for supremacy, and ended with much of in ruins and the rest impoverished, must have had a transforming effect.
In particular, millions of Germans were expelled from the Sudetenland, and that Poland's western frontier should be the Oder-Neisse Line (previously the Curzon and then the Molotov-Ribbentrop Line).
Second World War Causes Essay Research Homework Effectiveness
The palimpsest of the 1945 arrangements was distinct in 1950 and discernible in 1970 or even the late 1980s, when troops of the wartime allies still garrisoned , but by 1992, after the implosion of the Soviet Union, the "velvet" revolutions in the satrap people's republics, and the reunification of Germany, the map of Europe resembled that in the wake of the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk of March 1918, rather more than that of 1945-92, though the end of , a Polish, a Soviet, and a Ukrainian national during his or her lifetime.
This is most obviously the case when we consider the redrawing of the map of Europe in the immediate post war period.
The war ended with what in historical terms was an odd peace, for there was no peace treaty with Germany, in part because the unconditional surrender of the Axis powers had left no authority to conclude peace with, and also because of the disintegration of the alliance of the victorious powers shortly after the moment of victory.
Winston Churchill (1874–1965) had, perhaps, failed to realise or had ignored the anti-colonial implications of the Atlantic Charter, which he and Franklin D.
Roosevelt (1882–1945) had signed in 1941, or the strength of American opposition to empires.