The cross-sectional surveys were conducted during two periods to capture different harvest seasons.
Although the environmental conditions that determine harvesting periods vary from year to year, late June to November is usually the ‘open water season’ in Iqaluit, during which boats are used in harvesting activities.
Demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of the person responsible for food preparation, including low formal education attainment (OR = 2.0, 95% CI: 1.1–3.7) was associated with increased odds of food insecurity.
Food insecurity is high among households with children in Iqaluit.
High rates of food insecurity are documented among Inuit households in Canada; however, data on food insecurity prevalence and seasonality for Inuit households with children are lacking, especially in city centres.
This project: (1) compared food consumption patterns for households with and without children, (2) compared the prevalence of food insecurity for households with and without children, (3) compared food consumption patterns and food insecurity prevalence between seasons, and (4) identified factors associated with food insecurity in households with children in Iqaluit, Nunavut, Canada.
8.3% growth rate compared to 5.9% at the national level ).
Nearly 40% of the population identified as non-Inuit , reflecting a relatively recent influx of non-Indigenous people immigrating to the community.
Univariable logistic regressions were used to examine unconditional associations between food security status and demographics, socioeconomics, frequency of food consumption, and method of food preparation in households with children by season.
Households with children (n = 431) and without children (n = 468) participated in the survey.