The study setting, the sampling strategy used, instruments, data collection methods, and analysis strategies should be described.
In the case of qualitative research studies, it is also useful to tell the reader which research tradition the study utilizes and to link the choice of methodological strategies with the research goals .
In the Introduction, the authors should explain the rationale and background to the study.
What is the research question, and why is it important to ask it?
The Results section is typically fairly straightforward and factual.
All results that relate to the research question should be given in detail, including simple counts and percentages.
Finally, the question should be of interest to others who work in the same scientific area.
The latter requirement is more challenging for those who work in applied science than for basic scientists.
In such cases, authors should define the main research question and design the paper around it.
Generally, only one main research question should be addressed in a paper (secondary but related questions are allowed).